Greater than 13 million individuals had been enrolled in Medi-Cal in California in September 2021, making it the biggest Medicaid program within the nation. In December 2021, the Facilities for Medicare & Medicaid Providers (CMS) accredited the California Division of Well being Care Providers’ (DHCS’) request for a five-year extension of its Medicaid part 1115 demonstration and a five-year extension of its Medicaid managed care part 1915(b) waiver. These Medicaid waivers are a part of the “California Advancing and Innovating Medi-Cal” (CalAIM) initiative which was launched in January 2022 to supply assist to California’s most weak residents and to supply extra equitable applications and entry statewide.
CalAIM seeks to construct upon the county-based Entire Particular person Care (WPC) and plan-based Well being Houses Program (HHP) pilots to concentrate on social determinants of well being to handle the well being wants of people experiencing homelessness, behavioral well being care entry, kids with complicated medical circumstances, the rising variety of justice-involved populations who’ve important medical wants, and seniors and people residing with disabilities. It envisions enhanced coordination, integration, and data trade amongst managed care plans (MCPs); bodily, behavioral, community-based, and social service suppliers; and county companies.
In 2015, DHCS launched the WPC Pilots as a part of its Medi-Cal 2020 Part 1115 Demonstration. It was a $3 billion Medicaid Part 1115(a) waiver demonstration challenge that examined patient-centered interventions by which eligible beneficiaries obtained care coordination and different companies by way of partnerships of county well being companies, Medicaid MCPs, community-based suppliers, and different public companies. Pilots had the flexibleness to tailor their applications based mostly on regional wants and availability of assets and had been inspired to develop information sharing infrastructure for efficient coordination and monitoring of progress.
In 2018, DHCS additionally launched the HHP pilot. The HHP served eligible Medi-Cal managed care plan Members with complicated medical wants and power circumstances who may gain advantage from intensive care administration and coordination. The HHP supplied six core companies: Complete care administration; Care coordination (bodily well being, behavioral well being, community-based long-term companies); Well being promotion; Complete transitional care; Particular person and household assist; and Referral to neighborhood and social assist companies, together with housing.
Each applications have seen early success: For WPC, in 2020, DHCS launched findings that the emergency division go to charge of enrollees had decreased from 214 to 181 visits per 1,000 members, inpatient utilization charge had decreased from 75 to 59 visits per 1,000 members, and justice-involved people skilled a 29% improve in controlling of their blood strain. Equally, for HHP, the emergency division go to charge of enrollees decreased from 404 to 285 visits per 1,000 members, inpatient utilization charge had decreased from 134 to 91 visits per 1,000 members after a 12 months of this system, and the speed of initiation and engagement of substance abuse remedy elevated considerably for HHP enrollees from 45% to 55%. Consequently, these outcomes straight influenced the design of CalAIM.
CalAIM has established an Enhanced Care Administration (ECM) profit, which supplies intensive whole-person care administration and coordination to handle the medical and nonclinical wants of Medi-Cal members with complicated wants. ECM advantages are administered by MCPs: Plans establish members in every of the ECM goal populations and assign them to “ECM suppliers” liable for conducting outreach and for coordinating and managing care throughout a broad spectrum of bodily, behavioral, and social service suppliers. ECM will probably be accounted for in MCP capitation charges, that means that when this system is totally carried out, MCPs should present the profit to Members in the event that they request it.
If efficiently carried out, ECM will be sure that enrollees with complicated wants are recognized and engaged by somebody who understands their objectives, develops a plan in partnership with them and their suppliers, and actively connects them with the medical and nonclinical companies and assets that assist them meet these objectives. DHCS has designated a dozen particular populations of focus (PDF) for the ECM profit, and managed care plans can add to that listing at their discretion.
CalAIM has additionally established an In Lieu of Providers (ILOS) neighborhood helps program, which supplies cost-effective, health-supporting companies that could be substituted for present State Plan–coated companies to scale back hospitalization and institutionalization, cut back value, and tackle underlying drivers of poor well being. DHCS will permit 14 ILOS classes, together with housing transition and navigation companies, respite care, day habilitation applications, and nursing facility transition assist to an assisted residing facility or a house. MCPs might select which ILOS to cowl, by which counties, and to which members the ILOS are provided. These are companies that MCPs are strongly inspired, however not required, to supply as medically acceptable and cost-effective options to utilization of different companies or settings resembling hospital or expert nursing facility admissions.
Financially, CalAIM is designed to enrich the State’s House-Primarily based Group Providers (HBCS) spending plan, which CMS conditionally accredited on January 4, and to help in drawing down further federal funding through the American Rescue Plan Act Offering Entry and Remodeling Well being (PATH) element. From a county perspective, it seeks to scale back the state and federal purple tape and bureaucratic delays imposed on counties by transitioning from a cost-based reimbursement mannequin to a rate-based intergovernmental switch mannequin. Thus, it’s anticipated to lower administrative burdens, pace up reimbursement processes, and streamline the auditing course of.
In gentle of CalAIM, well being plans are required to develop networks for ECM and Group Helps in ways in which protect crucial infrastructure developed beneath HHP and WPC. Since ECM and ILOS are community-based companies, Medi-Cal managed care members receiving these companies may have primarily in-person encounters with community-based suppliers relatively than telephonic encounters. Moreover, well being plans should set up contracts with suppliers and community-based organizations (CBOs) to supply each ECM and ILOS, beginning with serving transitioning populations in early 2022. Lastly, to keep up HHP and WPC infrastructure, well being plans are particularly required to work in direction of contracts with WPC Lead Entities (counties) & Group Primarily based Care Administration Entities (CB-CMEs) as ECM & Group Helps Suppliers.
These applications additionally place sure necessities on suppliers. For instance, ECM suppliers should act as the first accountable entity for coordinating care throughout a number of well being techniques, designate a lead care supervisor for every member receiving the advantages, and contract with well being plans to fulfill particular contractual necessities and reveal sure capabilities associated to care fashions and information sharing. Equally, ILOS suppliers should ship crucial medical and social companies, resembling housing navigation, recuperative care, medically-tailored meals, or neighborhood transitions, which aren’t usually funded by Medi-Cal, contract with well being plans as the first accountable entity for delivering choose medically acceptable options to extra expensive state plan companies, and in addition meet sure contractual necessities and reveal sure capabilities associated to care fashions and information sharing.
By specializing in inhabitants well being, implementing cost reforms, and guaranteeing higher accountability for MCPs, DHCS expects that CalAIM will end in a greater high quality of life for Medi-Cal members in addition to long-term value financial savings. We are going to proceed to watch CalAIM’s progress to grasp how the coordination of care by way of applications like ECM and ILOS might enhance on value, high quality, and entry to healthcare.